• Is the operation painful?

    Like laser myopia surgery, the FLAAK keratopigmentation procedure is totally painless. It is performed under local anesthesia, with simple drops of anesthetic eye drops instilled a few seconds before surgery.

  • How long does the operation last?

    A keratopigmentation takes about 30 to 45 minutes for both eyes. The laser processing time for the micro-tunnel is very short: only 11 seconds per eye. The rest of the operation consists of introducing and distributing the pigment harmoniously in the micro-tunnel with zones of variable density to create relief and obtain a natural result.

  • After how long can you return to work or to sport?

    You can usually resume your professional activities the day after the operation and sports a few days later.

  • What are the immediate side effects/adverse effects?

    There are few side effects. You may experience heavy eyelids, tearing, light sensitivity and blurred vision during the first few hours. However, as a general rule, you will be able to resume your activities the day after the procedure.

  • What are the side effects/undesirable effects that may persist?

    Adverse events are common to laser refractive surgery for myopia. All of these side effects are mostly transient and can be managed appropriately. You can consult the list of adverse reactions in the information sheet on keratopigmentation (link to the FLAAK information sheet document).

  • What are the possible complications?

    As in any surgery, there is no such thing as zero risk. Although its frequency is exceptional thanks to antibiotic eye drops, the main risk remains infection. Strict hygiene precautions are essential before and after surgery. The instructions to follow will be explained to you during your assessment. Adverse reactions are listed in the information sheet on keratopigmentation (link to the FLAAK information sheet document).

  • Can you lose your sight?

    As long as the patient scrupulously complies with the treatment and postoperative follow-up, no blindness events have been reported. The laser acts on the surface of the eye and does not affect its functionality. The pigment is biocompatible and its introduction into the eye does not cause an inflammatory reaction. In the event of a complication, your surgeon will indicate the most appropriate therapeutic solution. In conclusion, the risks are comparable to those of laser myopia surgery, which has been performed on millions of patients over the past 30 years.

  • Is it definitive?

    Yes and no.

    Yes, the color will remain permanently. In some cases, a phenomenon of resorption is noted with time. The obtained effect of “patina” of the resorbed pigment, can please some operated patients. For patients wishing to regain the initial radiance of the keratopigmentation, a “touch-up” can be considered.

    No, in some cases, the R-FLAAK technique (Reverse-FLAAK) allows to recover the initial color of the eye.

  • What is the difference between the simulation and the result?

    The simulation is a guide to help you select the color of your choice. It is not possible to guarantee the rendering of the simulation, as the natural color of your iris may influence the final result.

  • Is it possible to reproduce the striated aspect of the iris?

    It is not possible to reproduce it in detail. To get closer to it, the pigment is left voluntarily lighter areas of transparency to give relief and contrast to the look.

  • Is the limbic ring mandatory?

    The limbal ring is an essential component in the aesthetic rendering of a keratopigmentation. The limbic ring gives depth to the look and its captivating side.

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    At a social distance, the rendering is natural. Keratopigmentation is a corneal tattooing technique that can change the appearance of your eyes. In the intimate sphere, or very close up, the effect obtained is close to that of wearing cosmetic colored lenses.

  • Is everyone operable?

    Not everyone is eligible for keratopigmentation. To determine your eligibility, a thorough aptitude test is required.

  • Is refractive surgery compatible with keratopigmentation?

    For patients who have already undergone refractive surgery, it is imperative to inform the surgeon before the procedure. A keratopigmentation operation is usually possible 3 months after refractive surgery.

    For patients who also wish to undergo refractive surgery (laser or implant), it is imperative to inform the surgeon before the keratopigmentation surgery. It is only a few months after the keratopigmentation surgery that the surgeon will validate its feasibility. It is preferable to perform refractive surgery at least 3 months after keratopigmentation.

  • Is an eyelid surgery/blepharoplasty uncomfortable to do?

    A blepharoplasty is not a contraindication to keratopigmentation eye color change surgery. Only a physical examination will ensure this.

  • After keratopigmentation, are certain eye examinations or surgeries no longer possible?

    Some examinations or surgeries may seem more delicate, but the new diagnostic equipment allows us to explore all structures of the eye without difficulty. The same is true for surgeries where an experienced surgeon will be able to adapt without difficulty. Thus, keratopigmentation does not in any way preclude the performance of a future examination or surgery necessary for the health of the eye.

  • Can keratopigmentation induce glaucoma?

    No, because as with laser correction of myopia, keratopigmentation is a surface technique. It is the laser iris depigmentation techniques and colored iris implants that can induce glaucoma.

  • Can keratopigmentation induce a cataract?

    No, because keratopigmentation is a surface technique without contact with the lens. It is the technique of colored iris implants that can induce cataract, corneal decompensation or iris tearing during explantation.

  • Is it possible to have keratopigmentation surgery after removing BrightOcular implants?

    For patients who have had BrightOcular implants explanted due to complications, keratopigmentation can be considered only after thorough examination.

  • Is it possible to have keratopigmentation surgery after having had laser depigmentation of the iris?

    For patients who have had a disappointing result with laser depigmentation of the iris, keratopigmentation can be considered only after thorough examinations.

  • Is it reimbursed by social security or mutual insurance companies?

    Unfortunately not. This is a cosmetic surgery that is not covered by the Social Security, some private insurances can grant you a participation.

  • Are there any payment facilities or financing solutions?

    Yes, don’t hesitate to contact us to find the best solution for your finances.

  • Do I need to change my identity documents?

    A medical certificate is given to you by your surgeon attesting to the change in color of your eyes. It will allow you to have your identity documents changed.